Miami County Infirmary

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Miami County Infirmary
Established 1836
Opened 1840/1854/1927
Building Style Single Building
Location Troy, OH
Alternate Names
  • Miami County Home
  • Miami County Poor Farm


After purchasing a farm from James Brown, located in Concord Township , but later resold without being used, the Commissioners in 1836 bought the present Miami County Home farm on which a brick poor house, as it was then called, was completed in 1840. The number of occupants reported for the first year was nineteen. Since the first building was poorly constructed and inadequate as to accommodations, a new building was authorized in 1852 and occupied in 1854. This building was 116 feet long and 46 feet wide with a hall extending the length through the center of each floor. It consisted of an elevated basement, two principal stories, and an attic eight feet in height which gave the appearance of a four-story building. Before the new building was completed, a violent storm tumbled the old building down on the heads of the inmates, injuring many.

By 1879 the number of inmates had increased to 116. This number included boys and girls who were soon to be transferred to the new Children’s Home. On May 20, 1886, a contract was let to T. R. Townsend for building an additional building for the Miami County Infirmary to accommodate the permanently insane. This is today at the rear of the south end of the main building. The present main building was completed in 1927 while Mr. & Mrs. Marvin Thomas were superintendent and matron. A new barn was also built in 1930 under their supervision to replace the round barn that had been destroyed by fire.